(Study Material) Study Material for TOEFL Preparation | Alphabet S

Study Notes

Study Material for TOEFL Preparation | Alphabet S

sagacious - having sound judgment; perceptive, wise; like a sage
salacious - obscene
salient - prominent, protruding, conspicuous, highly relevant
salubrious - healthful
salutary - remedial, wholesome, causing improvement
sanctimony - self-righteousness, hypocritical, with false piety
sanction - approval (by authority); penalty
sanguine - cheerful, confident, optimistic
sanity - health of mind; soundness of judgement
sap - weaken
sate - satiate
satiate - satisfy fully
saturnine - gloomy, dark, sullen, morose
savant - person of great learning
savor - taste, flavor smth
sawdust - tiny bits of wood
scabbard - sheath for the blade
scent - smell (esp pleasant)
scribble - write hastily
scurvy - mean, contemptible
seal - piece of wax, lead, etc stamped on the document
secular - material (not spiritual); living outside monasteries
sedulous - persevering
seminal - like a seed; constituting a source, originative
sententious - short and pithy, full of maxims/proverbs
sequence - succession, connected line of
serrated - having a toothed edge
serration - having a toothed edge
servile - like a slave, lacking independence
severance - severing
shaft - arrow or spear, smth long and narrow
shallow - little depth; not earnest
shard - piece of broken earthenware
sheath - cover for the blade of a weapon or a tool
shove - push
shrewd - astute; showing sound judgement
shrill - sharp, piercing
shun - keep away from; avoid
shunt - send from one track to another; lay aside; evade discussion
sidestep - step to one side
sinuous - winding, undulating, serpentine
skiff - small boat
skit - short piece of humorous writing
slack - sluggish; dull; not tight
slake - to assuage, to satisfy, allay
slate - king of blue-grey stone; propose; criticize
sluggard - lazy, slow-moving person
soar - rise, fly high
sober - self-controlled
sobriety - quality or condition of being sober
sodden - soaked, saturated
soggy - heavy with water
solvent - of the power of forming a solution
somatic - of the body
soot - black powder in smoke
sophisticated - complex, subtle, refined
sophistry - fallacious reasoning, faulty logic
sophomoric - self-assured though immature, affected, bombastic, overblown
sordid - wretched, comfortless, contemptible
spear - weapon with a metal point on a long shaft
specious - illogical, of questionable truth or merit
splenetic - bad-tempered, irritable
splice - join (two ends)
sponge - porous rubber for washing; live at once expense
spurious - false, counterfeit
spurn - have nothing to do; reject or refuse
squalid - foul, filthy
squander - spend wastefully
stanch - to stop the flow of a fluid
steeply - rising or falling sharply
stentorian - extremely loud and powerful
stickler - person who insists on importance of smth
stigma - mark of shame or disgrace
stigmatize - describe smb scornfully
sting - smth sharp
stingy - spending, using unwillingly
stint - to be thrifty, to set limits
stipulate - state or put forward as a necessary condition
stolid - showing no emotion; impassive
strands - smth twisted together into a rope, line of development
stray - wander, lose one's way
streak - long, thin; move very fast
striated - striped, grooved, or banded
stride - walk with long steps
strut - a supporting bar
stygian - hence, dark, gloomy
stymie - to hinder, obstruct, or block
subdue - overcome, bring under control
sublime - extreme; astounding
submerge - put under water, liquid, sink out of sight
suborn - induce by bribery or smth to commit perjury
subpoena - written order requiring a person to appear in a low court
subsume - include under a rule
succor - assistance, relief in time of distress
suffice - be enough
sullied - to be stained or discredited
summarily - briefly; without delay
sumptuous - magnificent
sundry - various, miscellaneous, separate
supercilious - disdainful; characterized by haughty scorn
superfluous - more then is needed or wanted
superimpose - put smth on the top
supersede - take the place of
supine - lying on the back; slow to act, passive
suppliant - asking humbly, beseeching
supplicate - make a humble petition to
suppress - prevent from being known; put an end to
surfeit - satiate, feed to fulness or to excess
susceptibility - sensitiveness
sustain - keep from falling; maintain; suffer; give a decision
sycophant - person who flatter to the rich and powerful
synopsis - summary or outline