(Study Material) Study Material for TOEFL Preparation | Alphabet I

Study Notes

Study Material for TOEFL Preparation | Alphabet I

iconoclast - person who attacks popular beliefs
iconoclastic - attacking cherished beliefs
idiosyncrasy - personal mannerism
idolatrous - worshipping idols
idolatry - excessive admiration of
idyll - a carefree episode or experience
ignoble - dishonorable, common, undignified
ignominious - shameful, dishonorable, undignified, disgraceful
illicit - unlawful, forbidden
illusory - deceptive; an illusion
imbroglio - complicated and embarrassing situation
immaculate - pure, faultless
immerse - absorb; put under the surface of
imminent - likely to come or happen soon
immutable - that cannot be changed
impair - worsen, diminish in value
impaired - damaged, weakened
impassive - unmoved; feeling no sign of passion
impecunious - having little or no money
impede - hinder; get in the way of
impediment - smth that hinders (e.g. stammer)
impending - imminent, being about to happen, expected
imperative - urgent, essential
imperious - commanding, haughty, arrogant
imperviousness - haughty, arrogant, commanding
impermeable - that cannot be permeated
imperturbable - calm; not capable of being excited
impervious - not allowing to pass through (of materials)
imperviousness - arrogance, commanding presence, overbearingness
impetuous - having sudden energy, impulsive, thrusting ahead, forceful
impiety - lack of reverence or dutifulness
implacable - incapable of being placated, unpleasable
implausibility - incredibility
implicate - show that smb has a share
implicit - implied though not plainly expressed
implosion - collapse; bursting inward
imply - make a suggestion
importune - beg urgently; solicit (of a prostitute)
imprecation - an invocation of evil; a curse
impromptu - without preparation
impudence - being rash, indiscreet
impudent - rash, indiscreet
impugned - challenged, to be doubted
impute - to attribute to a cause or source, ascribe
inadvertent - not paying proper attention
inane - silly, senseless
inasmuch - since, because
incense - make angry
incessant - often repeated, continual
inchoate - not yet fully formed, rudimentary, elementary
incise - engrave, make a cut in
incite - stir up, rouse
inclined - directing the mind in a certain direction
incoherently - not consistently, unclearly
incongruous- out of place, not in harmony or agreement
incorrigibility - cannot be cured or corrected
incredulous - skeptical, unwilling to believe
inculcate - fix firmly by repetition
incumbents - official duties
incursion - a raid, a sudden attack
indefatigability - not easily exhaustible; tirelessness
indelible - that cannot be rubbed out
indelicate - immodest; lacking in refinement
indigence - poverty
indigenous - native
indistinct - not easily heard, seen, clearly marked
indolence - laziness
indomitable - not easily discouraged or subdued
indulge - gratify, give way to, satisfy; allow oneself
indulgent - inclined to indulge
ineffable - to great to be described in words
ineluctable - certain, inevitable
inept - unskillful; said or done at the wrong time
infertile - not fertile, barren
inflame - become red, angry
inflammatory - tending to inflame
infuriate - fill with fury or rage
infuse - put, pour, fill
ingenuous - naive, young, artless, frank, honest, sincere
ingest - take in by swallowing
inherent - existing as a natural part
inhibit - hinder, restrain
inimical - harmful or friendly
inimitable - defying imitation, unmatchable
innocuous - causing no harm
inscrutable - incapable of being discovered or understood
insensible - unconscious, unresponsive, unaffected
insinuate - suggest unpleasantly; make a way for smth gently
insipid - without taste or flavor
insouciant - unconcerned, carefree
insularity - narrow-mindedness, isolated
insurrection - rising of people to open resistance to
interdict - prohibit, forbid
interim - as an installment
intersperse - place here and there
intervene - come between; interfere to change the result
intractable - unruly, refractory, stubborn
intransigence - unwillingness to compromise, stubbornness, intractability
intransigent - uncompromising
intrepid - fearless, brave, undaunted
introspection - examining one's own thoughts and feelings
inundate - flood; cover by overflowing
inured - accustomed to, adapted
invective - abusive language, curses
inveigh - to attack verbally, denounce, deprecate
inveterate - deep-rooted. long-established
involute - complex
irascible - irritable, easily angered
irate - angry
ire - anger
irksome - tiresome
irrelevant - not relevant, not connected
irresolute - hesitating; undecided
irrevocable - final and unalterable
itinerary - plan for a journey, details or records of a route
itinerate - to travel from place to place, to peregrinate