30 Minutes 20 Questions
1. Child’s World, a chain of toy stores, has relied on a “supermarket
concept” of computerized inventory control and customer self-service to
eliminate the category of sales clerks from its force of employees. It now plans
to employ the same concept in selling children’s clothes. The plan of Child’s
World assumes that
(A) supermarkets will not also be selling children’s clothes in the same
(B) personal service by sales personnel is not required for selling children’s
(C) the same kind of computers will be used in inventory control for both
clothes and toys at Child’s World
(D) a self-service plan cannot be employed without computerized inventory
(E) sales clerks are the only employees of Child’s World who could be assigned
tasks related to inventory control
2. Continuous indoor fluorescent light benefits the health of hamsters
with inherited heart disease. A group of them exposed to continuous fluorescent
light survived twenty-five percent longer than a similar group exposed instead
to equal periods of indoor fluorescent light and of darkness. The method of the
research described above is most likely to be applicable in addressing which of
the following questions?
(A) Can industrial workers who need to see their work do so better by
sunlight or by fluorescent light?
(B) Can hospital lighting be improved to promote the recovery of patients?
(C) How do deep-sea fish survive in total darkness?
(D) What are the inherited illnesses to which hamsters are subject?
(E) Are there plants that require specific periods of darkness in order to
3. Millions of identical copies of a plant can be produced using new
tissue-culture and cloning techniques. If plant propagation by such methods in
laboratories proves economical, each of the following, if true, represents a
benefit of the new techniques to farmers EXCEPT:
(A) The techniques allow the development of superior strains to take place
more rapidly, requiring fewer generations of plants grown to maturity.
(B) It is less difficult to care for plants that will grow at rates that do not
(C) Plant diseases and pests, once they take hold, spread more rapidly among
genetically uniform plants than among those with genetic variations.
(D) Mechanical harvesting of crops is less difficult if plants are more uniform
(E) Special genetic traits can more easily be introduced into plant strains with
the use of the new techniques.
4. Which of the following best completes the passage below? Sales
campaigns aimed at the faltering personal computer market have strongly
emphasized ease of use, called user-friendliness. This emphasis is oddly
premature and irrelevant in the eyes of most potential buyers, who are trying to
address the logically prior issue of whether______
(A) user-friendliness also implies that owners can service their own
(B) personal computers cost more the more user-friendly they are
(C) currently available models are user-friendly enough to suit them
(D) the people promoting personal computers use them in their own homes
(E) they have enough sensible uses for a personal computer to justify the
expense of buying one
5. A weapons-smuggling incident recently took place in country Y. We all
know that Y is a closed society. So Y’s government must have known about the
weapons. Which of the following is an assumption that would make the conclusion
above logically correct?
(A) If a government knows about a particular weapons-smuggling incident, it
must have intended to use the weapons for its own purposes.
(B) If a government claims that it knew nothing about a particular
weapons-smuggling incident, it must have known everything about it.
(C) If a government does not permit weapons to enter a country, it is a closed
(D) If a country is a closed society, its government has a large contingent of
armed guards patrolling its borders.
(E) If a country is a closed society, its government has knowledge about
everything that occurs in the country.
6. Banning cigarette advertisements in the mass media will not reduce the
number of young people who smoke. They know that cigarettes exist and they know
how to get them. They do not need the advertisements to supply that information.
The above argument would be most weakened if which of the following were true?
(A) Seeing or hearing an advertisement for a product tends to increase
people’s desire for that product.
(B) Banning cigarette advertisements in the mass media will cause an increase in
advertisements in places where cigarettes are sold.
(C) Advertisements in the mass media have been an exceedingly large part of the
expenditures of the tobacco companies.
(D) Those who oppose cigarette use have advertised against it in the mass media
ever since cigarettes were found to be harmful.
(E) Older people tend to be less influenced by mass-media advertisements than
younger people tend to be.
7. People tend to estimate the likelihood of an event’s occurrence
according to its salience; that is, according to how strongly and how often it
comes to their attention. By placement and headlines, newspapers emphasize
stories about local crime over stories about crime elsewhere and about many
other major events. It can be concluded on the basis of the statements above
that, if they are true, which of the following is most probably also true?
(A) The language used in newspaper headlines about local crime is
inflammatory and fails to respect the rights of suspects.
(B) The coverage of international events in newspapers is neglected in favor of
the coverage of local events.